Have you recently noticed strange bumps and lumps on the roof of your mouth? While they may look harmless, it is important to note that they can prove to be immensely dangerous if their cause isn’t identified. Bumps or lumps in the mouth are not a disease in themselves, but indicate some other diseases and ailments. It is crucial to get these examined by a physician or an oral practitioner to get the required treatment immediately.
Causes of Bumps on the Roof of Mouth
The list of causes of why you might have bumps or lumps on the roof of your mouth is endless. But as cumbersome as the task may be, it is important to identify the root cause of the bumps or lumps on the roof of your mouth. It is necessary to treat them and their root cause effectively as well as to prevent any future complications.
Some of the common causes of bumps on the roof of your mouth include the following-
- Incisive Papilla
If the bumps or lumps have occurred behind your front tooth, they may be an indication of incisive papilla. Although quite common, these bumps may enlarge and require medical help. You may consult either an oral pathologist or even your dentist to see if your papilla is actually enlarged or the bumps are due to a temporary irritation.
If you are a regular smoker, there is a high probability that the bumps on the roof of your mouth or your mouth’s hard palate is a result of nicotine stomatitis, commonly called smoker’s palate. It is distinguished from other types of bumps because of its peculiar appearance. It is marked by reddish depression in the centre of a whitish bump on the roof of your mouth.
In normal cases, the saliva usually drains from your glands to your mouth. But if there is any obstruction of the ducts in your throat, the saliva tends to get stuck inside. This may eventually lead to a soft, but painless, bump appearing bluish or pearly in colour. This condition is called mucocele. It typically occurs because of the blockage of your salivary glands due to frequent sucking or biting inside your mouth.
- Torus Platinum
Torus Platinum refers to a bony protrusion in the palate of your mouth. This condition is not generally serious and a lot of people might just have it by birth. It may vary in size from person to person and might also increase in size with time. However, if the lump gets a lot bigger in size and causes irritation, it can be surgically removed as well.
- Epstein Pearls
Epstein Pearls are whitish-yellow cysts that newborns get on their gums and the roof of their mouths. Mostly mistaken for new teeth coming in, Epstein pearls are generally harmless and disappear on their own after a few weeks of birth.
- Oral Cancer
If you have dark and irregular bumps in different parts of your mouth for a longer period of time, they may be an indication to oral cancer. If not diagnosed early, oral cancer can be fatal. It can also spread to other parts of your body, like tonsils, cheeks, lips, sinuses, floor of the mouth, throat, tongue etc.
- Maxillary Sinus Growths
Maxilla bone is located in the upper jaw region of your mouth. If this bone starts to grow abnormally, it protrudes out through the upper palate of your mouth, causing it to swell, which then looks like a bump on the roof of your mouth. It is usually accompanied by loss of smell, nasal sores and headaches, as its various symptoms.
- Mouth Ulcers And Spots On The Roof Of Mouth
Mouth ulcers appear as yellow, red or white oval-shaped sores in the mouth. The most common areas affected by mouth ulcers are the insides of cheeks and lips. Common causes of mouth ulcers include-
- Stress and anxiousness
- Consuming certain type of foods.
- Hormonal imbalances.
- Anaemia or iron deficiency
- Crohn’s disease
9. Canker Sores On The Roof Of Mouth
Canker sores are small bumps or shallow lesion which develop on the soft tissues of your mouth, especially on your gums. They tend to be very painful generally.
When the canker sore just starts to develop, you may experience a tingling, prickling or burning sensation. They result in a white, grey or yellowish bump with a red outer ring.
10. Itchy Bumps Due To Allergies
At time allergic reactions caused due to allergens like food, medicines or even vaccines may also result in bumps on the roof of your mouth.
However, it should be noted that similar looking bumps are also caused by lichen planus, which is a itchy rash or bump caused by immune response. In case you suspect your bumps to be caused due to lichen planus, you should seek immediate medical help.
11. STD’s, Herpes And HIV Infections
The bumps or lumps in your mouth may also be a result of you being exposed to several Sexually Transmitted Diseases, that is, STDs, such as HIV AIDS and herpes. These diseases tend to weaken your immune system, leaving you vulnerable to a host of different types of oral thrush or yeast infections. This usually manifests itself as a painful bump on the palate of your mouth, back of your throat and even around your mouth region.
12. Lump After A Root Canal Or Due To Braces
After a root canal or a dental surgery, one might experience a hard lump on the roof of their mouth or near the gums of upper teeth. These bumps usually start as a pimple on the gums and generally persist for a while. The major cause of these type of bumps is yeast infection in the mouth due to bad oral hygiene.
13. Adenocarcinoma And Swollen Salivary Glands
Adenocarcinoma is a type of oral cancer that affects the salivary glands located on the hard palate of your mouth. These glands then tend to get swelled up, thus resulting in bumps. Adenocarcinoma is extremely common amongst reverse smokers and pipe smokers.
The swelling of the salivary glands may also be due to other types of infections as well. It is best to take expert medical help in such cases.
When Should You Worry About Bumps on Roof of the Mouth
The bumps on the roof of your mouth may sometimes appear for no apparent reason at all, or because of a completely different and often unthinkable reason than the ones listed above. Many times, these bumps tend to appear and disappear on their own, with no medical assistance is required.
But in case the bumps on the roof of your mouth haven’t gone away for a longer period of time, you might want to consider the aforementioned causes seriously and seek medical help and proper treatment.
You should also go to a doctor if you notice the following happening with the bumps on the roof of your mouth-
- They become bigger in size.
- They start to bleed.
- They become extremely painful.
- They do not go away after a good two to three weeks.
Treatments For Lump On The Roof The Mouth
Bumps on the roof of your mouth are generally treatable and curable. Following are the few methods used for its treatment. Your doctor may choose to administer one or a combination of these treatments for the most effective results. However, please do not play the doctor yourself! Kindly seek proper medical help before subjecting yourself to any of these treatments.
- Radiation, Chemotherapy and Surgery
In case you have been diagnosed with oral cancer or adenocarcinoma, chemotherapy is used for treating the cancerous growths on the roof of your mouth. In chemotherapy, the infected cancerous cell is killed and is thus prevented from spreading to other parts of your body.
Generally, a proper surgical treatment is also required to remove the cancerous cells from your mouth, with the help of a local anesthetic drug.
- Excision To Remove Mouth Bumps
Some types of bumps on the roof of the mouth like mucoceles tend to usually go away with no treatment being required for the same. However, if they persist for a longer period of time and keep on recurring, then excision of the bump is needed.
In such conditions, treatment like Marsupialization can be done to develop a new salivary gland. It helps by draining the saliva and mucous from the lump formed on the roof of your mouth.
- Antibiotics And Antiviral Medications
In case the bumps on the roof of your mouth have been caused due to a viral or bacterial infection, your doctor will prescribe an antiviral or antibacterial medicine to counter the same by getting rid of the pathogens.
Your doctor is also most likely to prescribe you a multi-vitamin supplement which would further help in getting rid of the bumps on the roof of your mouth by improving your immune system.
But make sure to complete the medication course because viral and bacterial infections may relapse otherwise.
- Other General Treatments
Some other treatments for bumps and lumps on the roof of your mouth include the following-
- Laser treatment.
- Rinsing mouth three to four times daily with lukewarm saline water.
- Topical medications in ointment form.
- Vitamin B complex supplements.
- Cutting off spicy foods from the daily diet.
Home Remedies for Bump on Roof of Mouth
In addition to the above-mentioned treatment, you can also practice some home remedies in order to aid the treatment and healing process. Be sure to consult your doctor before using any of the following home remedies.
- Goldenseal Root
Goldenseal root is known to have antiseptic soothing properties. You may make a tea containing goldenseal roots by boiling the same in water and then rinse or gargle your mouth with it two to three times daily.
- Black Tea
You can also apply a soaked black tea bag on the affected area as this too helps a lot.
- Aloe Vera Juice
Aloe vera is a medicinal superhero with numerous benefits. You can gargle or rinse your mouth with aloe vera juice to help reduce the bumps on the roof of your mouth. Try to use fresh aloe vera juice for maximum benefits, but a bottled one works well too.
For treating bumps caused due to canker sores, consuming a bowl of yogurt or normal curd with your daily meals will definitely help a lot.
You may also apply raw honey topically on the roof of your mouth to treat bumps caused due to cold sores. This can be repeated three to four times a day for maximum results.
Now we know that bumps on the roof of the mouth may signal an underlying disease, which may be a serious one. If the bumps on the roof of your mouth do not go away by themselves within two or three weeks, it is highly recommended that you seek medical help. Meanwhile, you may also try the home remedies we have mentioned above to help the bumps on the roof of your mouth heal faster.
We hope this article was helpful to you!